The Largest Tensile Membrane Structure in the World, Birdair's Canopies Embrace the Hajj Experience
The Hajj Terminal, a remarkable architectural feat in Saudi Arabia, stands as a testament to modern design and engineering. Completed in 1981, this was constructed to handle the large flow of pilgrims using the King Abdul Aziz International Airport in Jeddah on their way to the nearby Holy City of Mecca. One of its distinctive features is the utilization of Birdair's PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) fabric in its construction to create 210 semi-conical roof units. PTFE is a high-performance material known for its durability, weather resistance, and versatility in architectural design. Birdair, a leading architectural fabric manufacturer, incorporated PTFE fabric into the Hajj Terminal's architecture to create a stunning and functional space that can withstand the harsh desert climate. This remarkable material allows for natural light to filter through, creating an ethereal and awe-inspiring atmosphere inside the terminal while providing protection from the elements.
During the day, the fabric roof's design promotes air circulation and shading, while its light color ensures low heat transmission. At night, the roof provides a reflective surface for interior uplights. Over 4.5 million sq.ft. of Birdair's PTFE fiberglass tensile fabric membrane in the Hajj Terminal's design not only exemplifies innovation in construction but also pays homage to the significance of the annual Hajj pilgrimage by providing a comfortable and beautiful space for the millions of pilgrims who pass through its gates each year.